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Famous Titicaca lake turns into a swamp – news filed under Mosaic, relevant information, discussion news, discussion on Newsland

The Lake Titicaca. It is located in the Andes on the border between Peru and Bolivia at an altitude of 3800 meters above sea level. It is the highest mountain lake in the world and also the largest mountain lakes in fresh water.

But now this natural wonder is under threat of industrial pollution due to rapid development surrounding the Bolivian cities.

Among them is El Alto. It is the second most populous city in Bolivia. Around it is a large number of industrial enterprises.

As the locals say, on the background of rapid growth is the lack of modern water purification systems. As a result, factory effluents, or chemical washing water for vehicles and buses fall into the streams and rivers flowing into lake Titicaca.

[Mamani Kuipke, local community member]:

“Pollution began in 2000. Before that, it was not so much. A long time ago the water was crystal clear. There was a fish; mackerel, waterfowl. Since 2001-2002, the pollution increased. Its source is the city of El Alto because it is home to over a million people”.

Another source of pollution – the river, taking its source in the snowy peaks of the Altiplano plateau. Once their waters were crystal clear. Today, however, they contaminate the municipal waste and heavy metals that occur in water as a result of mining activities.

Although the water treatment plant the city has, for the past ten years, she cannot cope with the volumes of incoming contaminated water.

[Mamani Kuipke, local community member]:

«we Used to live at the expense of cattle and production of dairy products. We made cheese for sale, and cultivated grain. We sold these products and eat them yourself. But now we are very worried. To solve the problem is difficult, and we don’t know what to do. Our young people with children going to other countries – in Argentina, Brazil and Spain”.

Now the most profitable occupation is the collection of reeds. It can be sold and used as livestock feed. However, this plant absorbs water from heavy metals as a result of Pets getting sick and their milk is no longer useful.

However, environmentalists say: the problem should be solved at the root, as the region needs both in the meat and mining ore.

[Velis Fork, environmentalist]:

“Pollution – this is a significant factor for the development of the region because it limits the production of milk, meat and sheepskin. The problem is very complicated. For example, heavy metals from mines into the reeds, which are used to feed livestock, and this is reflected in the health of animals. But if you stop production then this will also impact on the income of the region”.

While environmentalists and officials are trying to find a way out of the situation, local residents are wondering: will the Titicaca lake to retain the title of one of the most popular tourist destinations of Bolivia.

And this question is especially acute against the background of that famous body of water from pollution, there are more algae, and the highest mountain lake every day becomes more and more like a swamp.